What are the specific demands required of employees in the nuclear industry?
A well-timed approach to HRD is fundamental for the successful implementation of a nuclear power program. The nuclear industry requires the highest level of competences from all the employees involved. It is vital in order to provide sustainable development of the nuclear power program and ensure its safety and security.
In view of that, all organizations involved in the nuclear power program have to establish clear roles, functions and competences needed. This provides a framework for development of HRD strategy by the NEPIO. The strategy should cover all the 19 areas of nuclear infrastructure for development of every one of them requires qualified personnel with specific competences.
The NEPIO, in its turn, requires the well-developed management system, which would assess the necessary competences to develop, the potential of national education system, availably of the resources required, establish cooperation with the international organizations, IAEA, HRD system in potential vendor countries. The management of human resources is a part of an integrated management system required in order to ensure safe development of nuclear power program.
Thus, HRD system among other issues should cover:
- leadership and management that would see through whether the organizations involved in the nuclear power is staffed in compliance with the competences needed and develop a plan to monitor, preserve and develop the competences.
- workforce planning to staff the organizations.
- education and training to develop the required competence, continuously maintain the required level of competences and upgrade it.
- financial resources to provide the trainings and develop the educational system, to provide a necessary level of staffing to prompt responses in the event of incidents or accidents.
- safety and security culture that needs to be established to develop nuclear power program in compliance with fundamental safety requirements.
Nevertheless, the question is how to establish a National Position that would show readiness to a long-term commitment and lead to effective implementation of the intended objectives?
While developing a National Position on a new nuclear power program it is important for the government to consult with State’s energy organizations, nuclear institutes and public utilities, as well as with other stakeholders. A state should be prepared for the questions on nuclear and radiation safety, funding, environmental aspects, nuclear waste management and other key questions concerning the development of a nuclear power program, and be able to communicate that information in a clear and transparent manner.
It is also important to highlight that the main responsibility for supporting the HRD program lies on the Government as it should allocate the appropriate financial resources and provide the possibilities to organize the development of human resources. That would allow training courses and on-the-job training organization that could be conducted under the auspices of the IAEA or based on bilateral arrangements with the relevant organizations in the experienced countries with well-developed nuclear power programs.
Within human resource development area, it is important for the State to establish national institutions, which would analyze information on quantity and quality of nuclear materials and facilities with a required level of accuracy. That would contribute to safe performance of all the activities regarding them.