Safety and efficiency!
Decision to embark on a nuclear power program should stand on the basis of full commitment to preserve nuclear safety.
Nuclear safety is required to protect people and the environment from the harmful effects of ionizing radiation. Each organization involved in a nuclear power program needs to establish a comprehensive safety framework – which is clearly understood by all members of the organization – that permits all development activities. Activities with the use of nuclear energy and radiation shall take place only in the framework of safety regulations. Sustainable safety infrastructure is the foundation and the basis for the development of efficient nuclear power program.
An extended period is necessary to acquire the necessary competences and a strong safety culture before operating a nuclear facility. While the prime obligation for safety must lie within the operating organization responsibilities, the State has an obligation to create a robust framework for safety within the program.
Safety infrastructure for a nuclear power program is a framework, set of institutional, technical, organizational arrangements through which high level of nuclear safety is achieved.
Establishing a sustainable safety infrastructure is a long process throughout which the state shall:
- establish leadership and management for nuclear safety;
- create a legal and regulatory framework for nuclear safety;
- develop the necessary competences in all the organizations involved in the nuclear power program;
- create a robust safety culture;
- consider radiation protection issues and etc.
International safety standards, IAEA fundamental safety principles and Global safety regime provide support for the newcomer countries in developing safety infrastructure and meeting obligations under international law.